Efektivitas Bantuan Internasional Solidarity Grants Atlantic Institute pada Rumpun Nurani 2020-2022

Penulis

  • Aliya Hamida Universitas Teknologi Yogyakarta

Kata Kunci:

Bantuan Internasional, Deklarasi Paris, Atlantic Institute, Rumpun Nurani

Abstrak

Bantuan internasional merupakan kajian dalam studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional yang berkembang sejak Perang Dingin. Menurut Grant dan Nijman (1995) Bantuan internasional pada tahun 1990an dinilai tidak efektif atau bahkan negatif menurut studi-studi ekonomi. Pada tahun 2005 melalui Deklarasi Paris dalam Bantuan Internasional ditetapkan rangkaian indikator penilaian efektivitas bantuan. Bantuan Internasional berkembang disalurkan oleh aktor non negara termasuk NGO. NGO dipandang mampu menyelesaikan permasalahan yang tidak dapat diselesaikan oleh pemerintah. Salah satunya di masa pandemi, NGO memiliki peran besar dalam melakukan edukasi, memenuhi kebutuhan pangan dan kesehatan masyarakat. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif deskriptif berupaya mendapatkan pemahaman mendalam tentang efektivitas bantuan internasional di tengah pandemi yang ada dalam kerangka kerja sama Atlantic Institute dan Rumpun Nurani. Data primer dalam penelitian ini berasal dari hasil wawancara mendalam yang dilakukan dengan 2 (dua) narasumber yakni Ketua Rumpun Nurani dan Executive Director Atlantic Institute. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa bantuan Solidarity Grants merupakan bantuan yang dilaksanakan antar NGO. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa bantuan internasional Solidarity Grants telah memenuhi keduabelas indikator penilaian efektivitas bantuan dalam Deklarasi Paris. Sehingga, Solidarity Grants dapat dinilai efektif. 

Referensi

Alesina, A., & Dollar, D. (2000). Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why? Journal of Economic Growth, 5(1): 33-63.

Berthelemy, J. C. (2006). Bilateral donors ‘interest vs recipients’ development motives in aid allocation: do all donors behave the same? Review of Development Economics, 10(2): 179-194.

Brussevich, M., Liu, S., & Papageorgiou, C. (17 Juni 2022). Income Convergence or Divergence in the Aftermath of the COVID-19 Shock? IMF Working Papers, Series Working Paper No. 2022/121. ISBN 9798400212727.

Charles, K. (2006). What is effective aid? How would donors allocate it? World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 4005.

Duncan, G. A. (1950). Marshall Aid. Journal of the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland, 18: 293.

Eyben. (17 Desember 2013). The history of foreign aid. Diakses melalui https://reliefweb.int/report/world/history-foreign-aid

Gates, S., & Hoeffler, A. (2004). Global Aid Allocation: Are Nordic Donors Different? Centre for the Study of African.

GRANT, R. and NIJMAN, J. (1995), FOREIGN AID IN THE 1990s: CRISIS OR TRANSITION?. Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, 86: 215-218. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9663.1995.tb00708.x

Mandon, P., & Woldemichael, M. T. (25 Februari 2022). Has Chinese Aid Benefited Recipient Countries? Evidence from a Meta Regression Analysis. IMF Working Papers, Series Working Paper No. 2022/046. ISBN 9798400200670.

Masud, N., & Yontcheva, B. (1 Mei 2005). Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid. IMF Working Papers, Series Working Paper No. 05/100. ISBN 9781451861198.

Morgner, A. (1967). The American Foreign Aid Program: Costs, Accomplishments, Alternatives? The Review of Politics, 29(1): 72-73.

Neumayer, E. (2003). Is Respect for Human Rights Rewarded? An Analysis of Total Bilateral and Multilateral Aid Flows. Human Rights Quarterly 25(2): 510-527.

Nunnenkamp, P., & Thiele, R. (2006). Targeting Aid to the Needy and Deserving: Nothing But Promises? The World Economy 29(9): 1177-1201.

Nurmandi, Qodir, Dewi dan Rahayu. (18 April 2020). Peran Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat dalam Menangani Pandemi COVID-19 di Indonesia. Diakses melalui https://www.umy.ac.id/peran-lembaga-swadaya-masyarakat-dalam-menangani-pandemi-COVID-19-di-indonesia

OECD. (2005). The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness.

Rajan, R., & Subramanian, A. (1 Juni 2005). Aid and Growth : What Does the Cross-Country Evidence Really Show? IMF Working Papers, Series Working Paper No. 05/127. ISBN 9781451861464.

Stanford Center for Health Education. (2020). The role of NGOs in COVID-19 Community Based Education. Diakses melalui https://digitalmedic.stanford.edu/general/the-role-of-ngos-in-COVID-19-community-based-education/

Thad, D. (2004). Conditioning the Effects of Aid: Cold War Politics, Donor Credibility, and Democracy in Africa. International Organization, 58(2): 409-423. doi:10.1017/S0020818304582073

Trosclair, E. (3 Juli 2017). Timeline of the history of foreign aid. Diakses melalui https://borgenproject.org/history-of-foreign-aid/

Trumbull, W. N., & Wall, H. J. (1994). Estimating Aid-Allocation Criteria with Panel Data. The Economic Journal, 104(425): 876-882.

Alesina, A., & Dollar, D. (2000). Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why? Journal of Economic Growth, 5(1): 33-63.

Berthelemy, J. C. (2006). Bilateral donors ‘interest vs recipients’ development motives in aid allocation: do all donors behave the same? Review of Development Economics, 10(2): 179-194.

Brussevich, M., Liu, S., & Papageorgiou, C. (17 Juni 2022). Income Convergence or Divergence in the Aftermath of the COVID-19 Shock? IMF Working Papers, Series Working Paper No. 2022/121. ISBN 9798400212727.

Charles, K. (2006). What is effective aid? How would donors allocate it? World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 4005.

Duncan, G. A. (1950). Marshall Aid. Journal of the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland, 18: 293.

Eyben. (17 Desember 2013). The history of foreign aid. Diakses melalui https://reliefweb.int/report/world/history-foreign-aid

Gates, S., & Hoeffler, A. (2004). Global Aid Allocation: Are Nordic Donors Different? Centre for the Study of African.

GRANT, R. and NIJMAN, J. (1995), FOREIGN AID IN THE 1990s: CRISIS OR TRANSITION?. Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, 86: 215-218. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9663.1995.tb00708.x

Mandon, P., & Woldemichael, M. T. (25 Februari 2022). Has Chinese Aid Benefited Recipient Countries? Evidence from a Meta Regression Analysis. IMF Working Papers, Series Working Paper No. 2022/046. ISBN 9798400200670.

Masud, N., & Yontcheva, B. (1 Mei 2005). Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid. IMF Working Papers, Series Working Paper No. 05/100. ISBN 9781451861198.

Morgner, A. (1967). The American Foreign Aid Program: Costs, Accomplishments, Alternatives? The Review of Politics, 29(1): 72-73.

Neumayer, E. (2003). Is Respect for Human Rights Rewarded? An Analysis of Total Bilateral and Multilateral Aid Flows. Human Rights Quarterly 25(2): 510-527.

Nunnenkamp, P., & Thiele, R. (2006). Targeting Aid to the Needy and Deserving: Nothing But Promises? The World Economy 29(9): 1177-1201.

Nurmandi, Qodir, Dewi dan Rahayu. (18 April 2020). Peran Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat dalam Menangani Pandemi COVID-19 di Indonesia. Diakses melalui https://www.umy.ac.id/peran-lembaga-swadaya-masyarakat-dalam-menangani-pandemi-COVID-19-di-indonesia

OECD. (2005). The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness.

Rajan, R., & Subramanian, A. (1 Juni 2005). Aid and Growth : What Does the Cross-Country Evidence Really Show? IMF Working Papers, Series Working Paper No. 05/127. ISBN 9781451861464.

Stanford Center for Health Education. (2020). The role of NGOs in COVID-19 Community Based Education. Diakses melalui https://digitalmedic.stanford.edu/general/the-role-of-ngos-in-COVID-19-community-based-education/

Thad, D. (2004). Conditioning the Effects of Aid: Cold War Politics, Donor Credibility, and Democracy in Africa. International Organization, 58(2): 409-423. doi:10.1017/S0020818304582073

Trosclair, E. (3 Juli 2017). Timeline of the history of foreign aid. Diakses melalui https://borgenproject.org/history-of-foreign-aid/

Trumbull, W. N., & Wall, H. J. (1994). Estimating Aid-Allocation Criteria with Panel Data. The Economic Journal, 104(425): 876-882.

Unduhan

Diterbitkan

2022-07-17

Cara Mengutip

Hamida, A. (2022). Efektivitas Bantuan Internasional Solidarity Grants Atlantic Institute pada Rumpun Nurani 2020-2022. Jurnal Sosial Politik Integratif, 2(6), 315–332. Diambil dari http://jisip.org/index.php/jsp/article/view/87

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